Memorandum quod die Lune, in festo sancti Michelis Archangeli, anno regni regis Ricardi Secundi vicesimo tercio, domini spirituales et temporales et alie persone notabiles, videlicet Ricardus lescrop, archiepiscopus Eboracensis; Iohannes episcopus Herefordensis, Henricus comes Northumbrie, Radulphus comes Westmerlandie, Hugo dominus de Burnell, Thomas dominus de Berkeley, prior Cantuariensis, et abbas Westmonasterii; Willelmus Thyrnyng, miles, et Iohannes Markham, iusticiarii; Thomas de Erpyngham et Thomas Gray, milites; Willelmus de Feriby et Dionisius Lopham, notarii publici; de quorundam dominorum spiritualium et temporalium, ac iusticiariorum, et aliorum tam in iure civili et canonico quam in regni legibus peritorum, apud Westmonasterium in loco consueto consilii congregatorum, assensu et avisamento, ad actum subscriptum primitus deputati ad presenciam dicti regis Ricardi, infra Turrim Londoniarum existentis, circiter nonam pulsacionem horilogii accesserunt.
Et recitato coram eodem rege per predictum comitem Northumbrie, vice omnium predictoum sibi, ut premittitur, adiunctorum, qualiter idem rex alias, apud Conewey in North Wallia, in sua libertate existens, promisit domino Thorne, archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, et dictio comiti Northumbie se velle cedere et renunciare corone Anglie et Francie et sue regie magestati, ex causis per ipsum regem ibidem de sui inhabilitate et insufficiencia confessatis, et hoc melioribus modo et forma quibus facere poterit prout peritorum consilium melius duxerit ordinandum; idem rex, coram dictis dominis et aliis superius nominatis ad hoc benigne respondens, dixit se velle cum effectu perficere quod prius in ea parte promisit. Desideravit tamen habere colloquium cum Henrico duce Lancastrie et prefato archiepiscopo, consanguinis suis, antequam promissum suum huius modi adipleret. Petivit tamen copiam cessionis per eum faciende sibi radi, ut super illa posset interim deliberare; qua quidem copia sibi tradita, dicti domini et alii ad sua hospicia redierunt.
Postea eodem die, post prandium, dicto rege plurimum affectante predicti ducis Lancastrie adventum, et illum diucius prestolante, tandem idem dux Lancastrie, domini et persone superius nominati, aceciam dictus archiepiscopus Cantuariensis, venerunt ad presenciam dicti regis in turri predicta, dominis de Rood, de Wiloghby, et de Bergeueney, et pluribus aliis tunc ibidem presencibus. Et postquam idem rex cum dictis duce et archiepiscopo Cantuariensi colloquium habebat ad partem, vultu hillari hincinde inter eos exhibito, prout circumstantibus videbatur, tandem dictus rex, accercitis ad eum omnibus ibidem presencibus, dixit publice coram illis quod paratus erat ad renunciandum et cedendum, secundum promissionem per eum, ut premittitur, factam. Sicque incontinenti, licet potuisset, ut sibi dicebatur ab aliis, cessionem et renunciacionem, in quadam cedula pergamini redactam, per aliquem deputatum organum vocis sue fecisse, pro labore tam prolixo lecture vitando, idem tamen rex gratanter, ut apparuit, c hillari vultu, cedulam illam in manu sue tenens, diit semetipsum velle legere, et distince perlegit eandem. Necnon absolvit ligeos suos, renuciavit et cessit, iuravit et alia dixit et protulit in legendo, et se subscripsit manu sua propria, prout plenius continetur in dicta cedula, cuius tenor sequitur in hec verba.
- David R. Carlson, The Deposition of Richard II: The record and process of the renunciation and deposition of Richard II (1399) and related writings, edited from London (Kew), National Archives, Public Record Office, MS. C 65/62, and other manuscripts (Toronto: Published for the Centre for Medieval Studies by the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2007) pp. 23-25.
It ought to be remembered that this Monday, on the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, in the twenty-third year of the reign of King Richard, the spiritual and temporal lords and other notable persons, namely: Richard le Scrope, archbishop of York; John, bishop of Hereford; Henry, earl of Northumbria; Randulf, earl of Westmorland; Lord Hugo de Burnell; Lord Thomas de Berkley, prior of Canterbury, and abbot of Westminster; William Thyrnyng, soldier, and John Markham, justiciars; Thomas Stowe and John Burbache, doctors of law; Thomas Erpyngham and Thomas Grey, soldiers; William de Feriby and Dionisius Lopham, notaries public; concerning the assent and advising, certain ones of the spiritual and temporal lords, and of the justiciars, and of others experienced as much in civil and canon law as in royal law at Westminster in the accustomed place of congregated counsels, deputies according to the above written motion in the beginning, approached the presence of the said King Richard, residing in the Tower of London, close to the ninth striking of the hour.
It being recited before the same king by the aforesaid earl of Northumbria, with each one of all the aforesaid party to him, as was promised, how the same king, at another time, at Conway in North Wales, stepping out in his outspokenness, promised to Lord Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, and to the said earl of Northumbria, that he wished to yield and renounce the crown of England and France and his own royal majesty, out of the reason confessed by the same king in the same place concerning his inability and insufficiency, and this, in a way and form to those who are better, he would be able to do just as the counsel of learned men would better show how it ought to be done; the same king, responding to this kindly before the said lords and others above named, said that he wished to execute with effect that which he had first promised in that region. Nevertheless he desired to have a meeting with Henry, duke of Lancashire and the aforesaid archbishop, his blood relatives, before he fulfilled his promise in such a way. Nevertheless he sought that many of the concessions made by him be handed over to him, so that he might be able to deliberate concerning them in the interim; indeed with which things having been handed over to him, the said lords and others returned to their residences.
Later on the same day, after lunch, with the same king having affected many comings of the aforesaid duke of Lancashire, and him having waited for the whole day, finally the same duke of Lancashire, the lords and persons named earlier, and also the said archbishop of Canterbury, came before the presence of the said king in the aforesaid tower, with the lords de Roos, de Wiloghby, and de Bergeueney, and many others then in the same presence. And afterwards the same king had conference with the said duke and archbishop of Canterbury in part, and having put on and shown a happy face among them, as it seemed in the circumstances, finally the said king, with all having been gathered to him in the same presence, said with a public voice before them that he was prepared for the purpose of renouncing and yielding, and he would act according to what was promised by him, as was promised. And thus immediately, although it would have been possible that it could be said for him by others, the yielding and renunciation, in certain writing with a schedule of parchment, although it was able to be done by someone appointed to be his mouthpiece, for the purpose of avoiding the reading such a long work, nevertheless the king joyfully, as it seemed, and with a happy face, holding that schedule in his hand, said that he himself wished to read it, and distinctly read through the same. He did not even remove his chains, he renounced and yielded, took oath and said other things and made mention in reading, and he signed with his own hand, just as is contained more fully in the said schedule, the tenor of which follows in these words.
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